For more than 1,500 years, the flowering plant alfalfa has been used to treat a wide range of ailments. Ingested regularly, alfalfa can be used to treat bladder disorders, indigestion, decreased appetite, anemia, and diabetes. Alfalfa contains high concentrations of protein, calcium, Vitamins A, B C, D,E and K.
Known by the ancient Greeks to "loosen the belly and cleanse the stomach", Aloe Vera has been used as a powerful medicinal plant throughout human history. Aloe works as an effective topical agent, providing relief to insect bites, acne, sunburns, rashes, and other topical conditions. When taken orally aloe vera works to reduce inflammation and destroys certain bacteria and/or parasites in the intestines. There are no known side effects of including Aloe Vera in your diet.
Amylase is an enzyme present in saliva that begins the chemical process of digestion by breaking starches down into sugar.
Artichoke is a flower extract has been used for thousands of years improve digestion and aids in liver, gallbladder, and diuretic kidney function. This extract contains 2.5% of an important constituent, caffeoylquinic acid, which may have the ability to increase bile production in the liver - which increases blood fat metabolism. Artichoke is also high in fiber, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus and other trace elements necessary for optimal health.
Betain HCL is an acid naturally produced by the stomach necessary for breaking down fats and proteins, as well as, the proper absorption of iron, calcium, and protein. Proper levels of Betain HCL are also necessary for maintaining a healthy bacterial balance in the intestines. Deficiencies in Betain HCL may lead to food being improperly digested and increased stress of the pancreas.
Biotin, also known as vitamin H or B7, is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids and the metabolism of fats and amino acids. Biotin also plays a role in regulating blood sugar levels and maintaining strong hair and nails. Biotin deficiency is rare, but can result from the excessive consumption of raw egg whites. High concentrations of biotin can be found in royal jelly and brewer's yeast.
Boron is a trace element that helps maintain cell membrane functions related to hormonal action. Boron deficiency may lead to an increased risk of bone loss. Fruits and vegetables are good sources of boron.
Boswellia serrata, also known as Salai, is an Indian frankincence used for thousands of years to treat arthritis, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease and bursitis. Possible side effects may include minor gastrointestinal discomfort. Boswellia may interfere with drugs used to treat asthma, some anticancer drugs, cholesterol-lowering drugs and some antifungal drugs.
Bromelain is a protease enzyme that works as an anti-inflammatory and is most commonly used to treat sports injuries, trauma arthritis, and other kinds of swelling. Bromelain is also used to treat digestive problems, phlebitis and sinusitis.
Studies suggest that bromelain may also reduce platelet clumping and blood clots in arteries. Bromelain is found in the stem of the pineapple. Side effects are rare, but may include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. People who are allergic to pineapples should not use Bromelain. Bromelain should not be used for two weeks before surgery.
Calcium is a mineral that plays various roles, most notably, building strong dense bones early in life and keeping bones strong in later years. Calcium also helps regulate the release of neurotransmitters and muscle contraction. Long-term calcium deficiency can lead to osteoporosis. High concentrations of calcium can be found in milk and cheese. Additional sources include seaweed, kelp, nuts and seeds, beans, oranges, figs and broccoli.
Native to Europe and western Asia, the flowering plant Caraway has been used for thousands of years to warm and stimulate weak digestive systems. Today, caraway is often used to treat colic, increase appetite and cure digestive disorders.
Cascara Sagrada, a species of buckthorn native to western North America, has been used for more than 1,000 years by native and immigrant Americans as a natural herbal laxative.
Chloride is an important electrolyte that assists with metabolism and helps maintain the body's electrolyte and acid-base balance. Chloride deficiency can lead to low blood pressure and a general feeling of weakness. Chloride is mainly obtained from table salt or sea salt. It is also found in seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce and celery.
Chlorophyll absorbs energy from the sun to facilitate photosynthesis in plants. When taken as a dietary supplement, Chlorophyll works as an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory. Chlorophyll purifies the blood, detoxifies the liver, and cleanses the intestinal tract. High concentrations of chlorophyll can be found in asparagus, bell peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, green cabbage, celery, collard greens, green beans, green peas, kale, leeks, green olives, parsley, romaine lettuce, sea vegetables and spinach.
First discovered in 1864, choline is an essential nutrient, necessary to the structure of cell membranes and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Some research suggest that regular use of choline as a dietary supplement may positively effect memory, intelligence and mood (each of which is effected by acetylcholine metabolism) Choline is found in high concentrations in egg yolks, soy, cooked beef, chicken and veal.
Chondroitin is a chain of alternating sugars that helps to form, nourish and replace collagen, which is necessary to the maintenance of healthy joint cartilage. Chondrotin is naturally produced in the body, but in the case of joint injury or degeneration, not enough is produced. When taken regularly as a dietary supplement, chondroitin have been shown to effectively treat inflammation and osteoarthritis chondroitin have no severe side effects, although, in some rare cases, animals may experience diarrhea or vomiting.
Chromium plays an important role in the metabolism of sugar in humans. Although rare, chromium deficiency can lead to loss of weight, impaired glucose tolerance and confusion. High concentrations of chromium can be found in beef, liver, eggs, chicken, oysters, wheat germ, apples, bananas and spinach.
Citrus bioflavanoids are antioxidants that protect the body from free radical damage, which over time can lead to serious health conditions, including cancer, strokes and heart attacks. Citrus bioflavanoids are also though to protect against the common cold. In addition to being an antioxidant in its own right, citrus bioflavanoids are necessary for the effective use of vitamin C in the body. Bioflavanoid deficiency can lead to susceptibility to bruising of the skin. High concentrations of citrus bioflavanoids can be found in most citrus fruits.
An essential nutrient, copper assists with production of red blood cells, nerve fibers, bones and connective tissues. Copper also works as an anti-oxidant, helping to remove damaging free radical molecules from the body. Deficiency in copper can lead to anemia, irregular fat metabolism, liver disease, and depression. High concentrations of copper can be found in oysters, lobster, beef, cocoa, nuts, sunflower seeds, avocados and black pepper.
DL-Phenylalanin is made up of a combination of the D - and L - form of the amino acid Phenylalanine. This form of phenylalanine acts as a natural pain reliever by blocking the enzymes responsible for the breakdown of endorphins and enkephlins. Endorphins and enkephlins are a group of substances within the body that helps relieve pain.
EPA and DHA are essential fatty acids that can not be produced by the body. EPA and DHA play an important role in many biological processes and the prevention of numerous chronic health conditions. EPA and DHA act as anti-inflammatories, support healthy brain function and may help reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering cholesterol and blood pressure. Studies have also shown that EPA and DHA can help inhibit the development of plaque and blood clots, which can lead to atherosclerosis.EPA and DHA also are important for nerve functioning, as they help maintain cell membranes and support communication between nerve cells. They also help increase the levels of calcium in the body and reduce tenderness and stiffness in joints.
In adults, EPA and DHA deficiency can lead to fatigue, poor memory, poor circulation, depression, dry skin and heart problems. EPA and DHA deficiency in infants during pregnancy can lead to severe nervous system and vision impairment. High concentrations of EPA and DHA can be found in salmon, tuna, halibut, algae grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, olive oil, garlic and nut oils.
Eleuthero, also known as Siberian Ginseng, is an adaptogen which helps the body more effectively adapt to stress. Eleuthero provides a range of health benefits such as enhancing immune function, reducing cortisol levels and inflammatory response. The adrenal glands react by releasing adrenaline and corticosteroids to chronic stress which causes nervous exhaustion and physical fatigue. Eleuthero reduces the depletion of stress-reducing hormones, hormones which can counter the body's response to difficult situations. Diabetics should avoid using large amounts of Eleuthero because it can lower blood sugar levels.
Folic Acid, also known as Vitamin B9, is required for the production and maintenance of new cells, an especially important function during infancy and pregnancy, when rapid cell division and growth occurs. Deficiency in folic acid may lead to irritability, behavior disorders, loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, sore tongue, head aches and/or heart palpitations. Pregnant women with folic acid deficiency have an increased risk of anemia, giving birth to low birth rate and premature babies.
Garlic is part of the onion family Alliacea and is most commonly used as a dietary supplement for the prevention of heart disease. Certain studies have shown that garlic may help slow the development of atherosclerosis, lower blood pressure and reduce cholesterol. Garlic has also shown to help regulate blood sugar levels. Potential side effects may include breath and body odor, mild heartburn, upset stomach, thinner blood and allergic reactions.
The underground stem of the ginger plant zingiber officinale, ginger root is used across the globe to ease stomachaches, nausea and diarrhea. Some studies show that ginger may be helpful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Few side effects are linked to ginger when it is taken in small doses.
Produced in both sulfate and HCL forms, Glucosamine plays a key role in providing the building blocks necessary to synthesize new cartilage. Both forms of glucosamine (sulfate and HCL) are found in this supplement to ensure the stability of this amino sugar. Glucosamine is naturally produced in the body, but in the case of joint injury or degeneration, not enough is produced. When taken regularly as a dietary supplement, glucosamine has been shown to effectively treat inflammation and osteoarthritis. Glucosamine has no severe side effects, although, in some rare cases, animals may experience diarrhea or vomiting.
Griffonia seeds come from the evergreen found in West and Central African countries. Griffonia is a natural source of 5HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan), an enhancing amino acid that is a highly absorbable type of tryptophan, an essential amino acid with a documented sleep inducing effect. It is also a direct precursor to serotonin, the hormone that influences a number of bodily functions and also serves as a neurotransmitter that exerts a calming effect and regulates sleep. In clinical trials, Griffonia seed has been shown to raise serotonin levels in the brain, which can provide relief from anxiety, depression, and insomnia.
Inositol (sometimes referrred to as Vitamin B-8) is a fatty lipid that is needed by the body for cell membrane formation. It is most prevalent in the heart and brain. Inositol plays a critical role in supporting a number of vital biological processes including; insulin regulation, serotonin regulation, the break down of fats, and gene expression. Recent studies indicate that regular use of inositol supplements may be helpful in the treatment of depression, panic disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder. High concentrations of inositol can be found in bran cereals, beans, nuts, oranges and melons.
An essential trace element, iodine plays a critical role in the constitution of the thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. In turn, these hormones are responsible for regulating the body's basic metabolic rate. Iodine deficiency can lead to hypothyroidism which is characterized by extreme fatigue, goiter, depression, weight gain and low body temperature.
Iron is an essential mineral involved in oxygen transport and metabolism. Iron is also essential to the synthesis of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. Iron deficiency is considered the largest nutritional disorder in the world and often leads to anemia. Sources of iron include red meat, fish, poultry, lentils, leafy vegetables, tofu, black-eyed peas, fortified bread and cereals. Potential side effects of iron supplementation are constipation, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort.
A water-soluble enzyme, lipase assists with a number of key biological processes including the breaking down, transport and processing of dietary fats in the human digestive systems.
Tyrosine is a nonessential amino acid that is synthesized in the body form phenylalanine. Tryrosine is necessary for the production of the neurotransmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine, each of which helps regulate mood. Tyrosine deficiency has been associated with depression, low blood pressure, low body temperature, and an under active thyroid gland. Tyrosine is also involved in the synthesis of enkephalins, substances that have pain-relieving effects in the body. Human and animal research suggests that tyrosine acts as an adaptogen, helping the body adapt to and cope with the effects of physical or psychological stress by minimizing the symptoms brought on by stress. This is primarily due to the fact that tyrosine is a building block for norepinephine and epinephrine, the body's two main stress-related hormones.
Magnesium is essential to the basic cellular life of all living organisms. More than 300 enzymes require magnesium to perform their catalytic function. Magnesium deficiency can contribute to sleep disturbance, irritability, depression, and dizziness.
Manganese is an essential trace element necessary for the metabolism of proteins and energy. Manganese also activates key a enzyme necessary to the formation of collagen, which is important for healthy joints. It also acts as an anti-oxidant, helping to remove of dangerous free radical molecules from the body. Manganese deficiency is extremely rare. High concentrations of manganese can be found in whole grains, cereals, fruits, vegetables and tea.
Methionine is an essential amino acid that plays a vital role in protein synthesis. Methionine can be found in fish, meat, spinach and potatoes.
Milk thistle comes from the genus Silybum Adans, flowering plants native to the Mediteranean, the Middle East and North Africa. When used regularly as a dietary supplement, milk thistle can help detoxify the body and optimize liver function. Some studies have shown positive results of milk thistle for the treatment of hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and gallbladder disease. Milk thistle may have a few mild side effects including bloating, upset stomach and diarrhea.
Molybdenum plays an important role is protein synthesis, metabolism and growth. Molybdenum deficiency is extremely rare in healthy individuals. Significant sources of molybdenum include cereal grain, lentils, wheat flour, sunflower seeds, eggs and green beans.
Also known as vitamin B3, Niacin is a key vitamin in the prevention of the deficiency disease pellagra and is found in chicken, beef, tuna, salmon, milk, eggs, avocados, dates, tomatoes, leaf vegetables, broccoli, carrots, sweet potatoes and asparagus. Recent evidence suggests that niacin at doses above the RDA may help bolster the immune system.
Nickel is a trace element that influences the absorption of iron in the body and may also play a role in the production of red blood cells. Good sources of nickel can be found in lentils, oats and nuts.
Methylsulfonylmethane, also known as dimethyl sulfone, is an effective anti-inflammatory. Clinical evidence suggests that methylsulfonylmethane is effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis. There are no serious side effects associated with methylsulfonylmethane.
A mixture of several digestive enzymes, pancreatin is composed of amylase, lipase and protease. As a dietary supplement, pancreatin helps treat pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis, conditions which cause deficiency in pancreatic secretions. In these cases, pancreatin aids in the digestion of food.
Pantothenic acid, also known as Vitamin B5, is an essential nutrient necessary to sustaining life. Pantothenic acid is critical to the metabolism and synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Deficiencies in pantothenic acid are rare, as it is found in nearly all food. High concentrations can be found in royal jelly, meat, eggs, legumes, and whole-grain cereal.
Papain is an enzyme present in papaya that assists with the digestion of protein. In particular, papain helps break down tough meat fibers.
A native plant of North, Central and South America, passion flower extract contains flavanoids that have a relaxing and anti-anxiety effect. The alkaloids and flavonoids have both been reported to have sedative activity in animals Passion Flower helps treat insomnia, restlessness, gastrointentestinal spasms, and high blood pressure. It can also be very effective in treating nerve pain such as neuralgia and the viral infection of nerves. It is the herb of choice for treating intransigent insomnia. It aids the transition into a restful sleep without any 'narcotic' hangover. It may be used in asthma where there is much spasmodic activity, especially when there is associated tension.
Phosphorus is a key element in all known forms of life, forming part of the structural framework of DNA and RNA. Phosphorus also plays a crucial role in transporting cellular energy and regulating the absorption of calcium and a variety of trace elements. Phosphorus deficiency leads to muscle and neurological dysfunction, while an overabundance can lead to diarrhea and can interfere with the body's ability to use iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc. Phosphorus can be found in tuna, mackerel, salmon, nuts and seeds, chick peas, garlic, cheese, wheat bran, oats, kelp and yeast.
Taken from the French pine tree Pinus maritime, Pine bark is one of the world's most powerful antioxidants, helping to protect cells from free radical damage, which over time can lead to serious health conditions, including cancer, strokes and heart attacks. Some research also suggests that pine bark can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including menopausal symptoms, certain skin disorders, and gingivital bleeding. Side effects may include irritability and decreased energy.
The fruit Pomengrate contains punicalagins, powerful antioxidants, which protect the body from free radical damage and promote cardiovascular health, health ageing and longevity. PomElla pomegranate extract is a particularly potent form of pomegranate, as it has higher levels of bioavailability than most other extracts. This means that more phytonutrients are able to reach the bloodstream and be effectively used by the body.
Potassium is a mineral that transmits electric signals between cells and nerves and also maintains the water and acid balance in blood and tissue cells. Potassium deficiency can lead to dry skin, muscle weakness, fatigue and slow reflexes. In extreme cases of deficiency, paralysis may develop. Good sources of potassium include beef, chicken salmon, peas, tomatoes, leafy greens, lima bananas, melons, apricots and citrus fruits.
A protease is an enzyme that aid in the digestion of protein in foods. In the blood, proteases support blood clotting and proper function of the immune system.
Quercetin, also known as sophorin and rutin, is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from dangerous free radicals, which are thought to contribute to the formation of certain cancers. Quercetin also helps reduce the symptoms of hemophilia by strengthening the capillaries. Some studies also suggest that quercetin may help lower the risk of heart disease. Quercetin can be found in capers, red onion, tomato, broccoli, red grapes, citrus fruits, cherries and rasberries.
Riboflavin, also know as vitamin B2, plays a central role in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Riboflavin deficiency can lead to inflammation and ulcers of the mouth and/or a soar throat. Riboflavin can most readily be found in asparagus, leafy green vegetables, bananas, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, cheese, eggs, fish, and liver.
Selenium is a micronutrient that helps regulate the functioning of the thyroid gland.?Selenium deficiency is rare, but can occur with dysfunctional digestive systems. Defiency symptoms include muscle weakness, linked to cancer and heart disease, susceptibility to infection, sterility.
Silicon is a trace mineral needed for strong bones, flexible joints and healthy skin. Silicon deficiency can lead to extreme sensitivity to cold, ageing of the skin, loss of hair and brittle nails. High concentrations of silicon can be found in cereals, apples, oranges, cherries, raisins, almonds, peanuts, raw cabbage, onions, carrots, cucumber, fish, honey, oats, nuts and seeds.
St. John's wort has been used for centuries to treat mental disorders and nerve pain. Several studies have shown that the herb is effective in the treatment of minor depression. St. John's wort may cause increased sensitivity to sunlight in humans.
The acid taurine is a major constituent of bile and is found in abundance in the lower intestines, white blood cells, skeletal and heart muscles. Taurine plays a role in the regulation of potassium and calcium and helps maintain cell membrane integrity. Taurine also acts as an antioxidant, removing dangerous free radical molecules from the body. Some studies suggest that taurine supplementation may help lower blood pressure and help alleviate other cardiovascular conditions.
First discovered in 1910, thiamin, also known as Vitamin B1, is essential for neural function and carbohydrate metabolism. High concentrates of thiamin are found in cereal grains. Lesser concentrations can also be found in yeast and liver. Thiamine is essential for neural function and carbohydrate metabolism.
Thiamine is an essential supplement for marine mammals. The activity of thiaminase enzymes in the fish destroys thiamine. This vitamin should be supplemented daily to avoid a deficiency causing central nervous system clinical signs.
Tin is a trace element believed to be necessary for overall health and bodily processes. Tin deficiency may contribute to poor growth, hair and hearing loss. Tin is available in virtually all fruits and vegetables.
Trypsin is an enzyme that assists with the digestion of proteins.
A an important herb in Aryuvedic medicine for thousands of years, turmeric is commonly used to help with stomach ailments. Turmeric contains curcumin, which recent studies suggest works as an anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. Curcumin may also help protect the heart and liver. When used for prolonged periods, possible side effects may include gastrointestinal disturbance.
Vanadium is a trace mineral that plays a role in the formation of teeth and bones and cellular metabolism. Some studies suggest that vanadium may help normalize blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure and enhance athletic performance. Vanadium can be found in mushrooms, parsley, corn, olives, olive oil and shellfish.
Vitamin A is critical to numerous biological functions, including; vision, gene transcription, immune function, embryonic development and reproduction, bone metabolism, skin health and cardiovascular health. Vitamin A is also a powerful anti-oxidant, helping to remove dangerous free radical molecules from the body. High concentrations of vitamin A can be found in liver, carrots, broccoli leaves, sweet potatoes, kale, butter, leafy green vegetables, pumpkin, collard greens, cantaloupe melon, eggs, apricots, papaya, mango, peas and winter squash.
Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble compound that acts as a coenzyme to many other enzymes in the body that are involved predominantly in metabolism. Vitamin B6 also plays a role in the synthesis of four important neurotransmitters: serotonin, epinephrine, nor epinephrine and gamma-amino butyric. High concentrations of Vitamin B6 can be found in meats, whole grain products, vegetables, and nuts.
Vitamin B12 maintains normal brain and nervous system functioning and is critical to the formation of blood. B12 also plays a role in the cell metabolism, DNA synthesis, and fatty acid synthesis and energy production. B12 deficiency can be quite dangerous, potentially leading to severe and irreversible damage to the brain and nervous system. Even slight deficiencies can lead to fatigue and depression. High concentrations of Vitamin B12 are found in liver, shell fish, milk and eggs.
Vitamin C is an essential nutrient best known for its anti-oxidant properties and purported ability to help prevent heart disease and cancer. Vitamin C also helps with the formation of connective tissue and strengthens internal organs, muscles and blood. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to scurvy, which is characterized by a number of symptoms including bleeding gums, impaired ability to heal from wounds, dry eyes and mouth, muscle weakness, fatigue, anemia, anorexia, depression, and kidney disorders. High concentrations of vitamin C can be found in apples, bananas, blueberries, cantaloupe, grapefruit, kiwi, oranges, mangoes and nectarines.
Vitamin D plays an important role in regulating various organ systems. Specifically, vitamin D regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorous in the blood through its impact on the digestive system and the kidneys. Vitamin D also helps promote the anti-tumor activity of the immune system. Deficiencies in vitamin D can lead to rickets and osteoporosis. Vitamin D is naturally produced by the body when exposed to direct sunlight. High concentrations of vitamin D can be found in fish liver oils, herring, catfish, salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna and eel.
Vitamin E is the name for a set of eight fat soluble vitamins with antioxidant properties. Studies suggest that vitamin E protects cell membranes from oxidation brought on by free radical molecules, which over time can lead to a number of health conditions, including cancer.. Some studies have shown vitamin E may be effective in preventing heart disease and death from bladder cancer. Although vitamin E deficiency is rare, severe vitamin E deficiency results in impaired balance and coordination, sensory nerve damage, muscle weakness and damage to the retinas.High concentrations of vitamin E can be found in almonds, asparagus, avocado, nuts, olives, seeds, spinach, vegetable oils, wheat germ, wholegrain foods, and milk.
Vitamin K is produced by bacteria in the intestines and is necessary for proper blood coagulation. Vitamin K deficiency is extremely rare except in the case of damage to the intestines. High concentrations of vitamin K can be found in spinach, swiss chard, cabbage, kale, cauliflower, broccoli, avocado and kiwi fruit.
Native to Asia and Europe, white willow bark has been used for thousands of years an anti-inflammatory. Studies suggest that white willow bark is effective for treating acute back pain, fever, flu, joint pain and osteoarthritis. White willow bark should not be taken by animals with the following conditions; aspirin allergy or sensitivity, peptic ulcers, asthma or gout, or those using anticoagulants. Few side effects have been reported.
Mangosteen contains powerful antioxidants, which protects the body from dangerous free radical damage. Recent studies also suggest that, mangosteen fruit can improve blood circulation, help relieve arthritis, reduce the frequency of asthma attacks, and treat various types of external eczemas. Mangosteen also helps fight acne and strengthen the immune system.
An essential trace element necessary for the sustenance of all animal life, zinc plays a key role in prostate gland function and reproductive organ growth. Zinc is also of particular necessity to bone marrow, immune system and stomach lining cells, all of which have a high rate of new cell development. Zinc deficiency can cause stunted growth and retarded sexual development. Zinc can be found in high concentrations in beef, lamb and liver.